Bihar is one of the states in India that is underrated as a tourist destination. Ironically, the state is one of the most prosperous ancient Indian Kingdoms and today it is highly listless when it comes to heritage tourism in the entire nation. Everyone will agree that Bihar is serving with a decent amount of foreign tourists swarming the different locations across the state. However, it is unsaid that they all have restricted themselves to fewer destinations as the historically affluent state. The history of Bihar is strongly believed to have the roots back to the breaking dawn of the civilization in the nation.
Also, the state prospered as the seat of majestic empires such as Magadha. It is also the state that has given two crucial religions Buddhism and Jainism to the entire world. In course of years, the state has developed into a rich historic site with diverse culture and tradition. Now, what the new generation witness is the flavoursome extracts of the legacy of various empires. One may be able to explore the vital gem from the Indian treasure chest as well. Here, you can find the eye of the avid traveller from the sake of convenience that will bring lots of the best travel experience to the historic land of Bihar.
Among the most favourite places in Bihar, Gaya is the remarkable place for the Hindu culture. It is considered as the Hindu pilgrimage hub and the transit point of the Buddist pilgrimage centre of Bodhgaya. Everyone knows the Buddha attained enlightenment under the tree, and it is a common belief that the place was Bihar. Gaya is the busy city situated on the bank of River Phalgu, and it is replete with lots of temples and the historic sites dating back to different areas. Even now, it stands as the evidence to the most successful rule of the Maurya and Gupta dynasty. The Glory of Gaya extended so much so that even Hiuen Tsang could not resist the mentioning in these travelogues for the other readers.
When you visit Gaya, you will come across lots of attractive places like Bodhgaya, Mahabodhi Temple, Vishnupad Temple, Dungeshwari Cave Temple, Magla Gauri Shrine, Barabar Caves, Chinese Temple and Monastery, Bodhi Tree, Muchalinda Lake, Bodhgaya Archaeological Museum, Thai Temple and Monastery, Muchalinda Lake, and Royal Bhutan Monastery. As it is one of the established tourism places, it is connected by air, rail and the roadways from major cities all over the country. The best way would be to take the flight or train based on your convenience.
Everyone might have come across Nalanda University in the history books. It is probably the oldest university in the entire country and holds the position of the crucial site to visit in Bihar. A perfect reminisce to the time of flourishing the Pala period and Gupta. In Bihar, Nalanda is acclaimed as a tourist attraction as well. People also believe that the last and the most famous Jain Tirthankara, Mahavira spent 14 monsoon seasons here. Even, Buddha said to have delivered the lectures to the people near the mango grove here in Nalanda. The fame of this education centre was to the extent that Hieun Tsang. He was the famous Chinese traveller, visited here and stayed for two years. Even I-tsing, who was another famous Chinese voyager, stayed at Nalanda for 10 years. All these together constitute the glory of the place. Today, most parts of the Nalanda lie in the ruins, but the place is surely worth exploring the beauty of the place. When you visit here, there are lots of places to visit like Nalanda Archaeological Museum, Nalanda Multimedia Museum, Xuanzang Memorial Hall, Silao, Rajgir Dance Festival and this happens in October and Surajpur Baragaon. When you plan to visit Nalanda, the best way to reach here would be to board a flight or train to Gaya which is 95 km from Nalanda. Then for local travel, you can opt for the cab or taxi.
Situated on the southern bank of Ganga, Pata is the largest city in Bihar considering the geographical area. It is well-known as patliputra in ancient India. People also believed it to be one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities globally. Patna, being the pilgrimage for the Sikh devotees as it is reckoned to be the birthplace of the last Sikh Guru, Guru Govind Singh. The city flourished in the period of Haryanka, Mauryan, Nanda, Gupta, Shunga and Pala. They earned fame throughout the country. Currently, Patna is the developing city which is endeavoring to match up to the modernization malls several high-end hotels and theatres that have cropped in the city and the people also welcome it. However, it is one of the cities that have to speed up a bit to become part of the other cosmopolitans. Altogether, Patna is a decent destination if you are looking for the modern facilities.
The list of crucial tourism attractions includes Kumhrar, Agam, Kuan, Takht Sri Patna Sahib, Didarganj Yakshi, Gurdwara Pahila Ghat, Gurudwara Gobind Ghat, Gurdwara Bal Leela, Gurudwara Guru Ka Bagh, Gurudwara Handi Sahib, Golghar, Padri Ki Haveli, Buddha Smriti Park, Qila House, and Patna Museum. If you want to reach Patan, you can choose any mode of transport like air, rail or road as it is connected with almost all the major cities in the nation.
Located in the interior of Bihar, Vaishali is the small and beautiful district that Hindu, Jain and Buddhist worshipping sites. It is believed as the city where Lord Mahavir was born. It is also considered as the first republic of the world. It is believed to be named after King Vishal from the time of Mahabharat. Vaishali is the place where Buddha delivered his last sermon for the people. It is surrounded by a grove of mango and banana and extensive rice field. The village is one of the vital religious and historical attraction sites and flocked by tourists throughout the year. Lord Buddha has spent a considerable portion of time in life, and he also uses to visit Vaishali every now and then. So, the city became an extremely significant centre for Buddhism. To make this event King Ashoka, who has embraced Buddhism after the massacre of Kalinga. He decided to erect one of the remarkable pillars here in Vaishali. Being one of the tourism places in Bihar, it is connected to several parts of the country, and you can travel through air, rail or road.
Situated at Nepal on the north, Darbhanga on the South, Sitamarhi and Supaul on either side, the city is also an important commercial town in the district. These two towns have multiple temples that are the main attraction points of the town for the local people. However, the city never fails as a tourist destination with a sightseeing tour. When you love to explore the ancient places, it is one of the cities you can never fail to visit. This ancient city is well-known for the richness in art and culture that the district strives for. Mentioned in Ramayana, the city is popular for the world’s Madhubani paintings that originated here. In 1972, the city emerged from the Darbhanga district in Bihar during the reshuffling of the territorial boundaries. It is the small district and slowly growing as the famous tourist destination among the art enthusiasts visiting here for the popular paintings.
It is the other historically significant city that lies on the southern banks of the beautiful River Ganges. It is well-known as the silk city, and it is also the largest city in Bihar. Bhagalpur is well known for education centres more than being the commercial and political centres in the destination. The city nurtures the species of National Aquatic Animal of India, the Gangetic Dolphins with the assistance of the Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary.
The history of the city is submerged in various Mythologies and the line between them is blurred compared to the normal instance that makes it a fascination to be explored now. The city is located at a distance of about 250 km to the east of Patna. The most commonly spoken language in Bhagalpur is Angika and Hindi that are also the official language in this region. Recently, the city is having the pace of developments on the way to becoming a smart city.
Rajgir is the town where you get mesmerized with the air that is surrounded in the beautiful sceneries that carry the hint of the spirituality and the vibrant hues of the history linking both Jainism and Buddhism. It is set in the green valley and surrounded by the Rocky hills. So, it is called as the spiritual town with the natural serenity amongst the dense forests, springs and mysterious caves. Further, Rajgir is the house for any religious destination that is majorly dedicated to both Jainism and Buddhism. Both these lots have said to spend the time here giving the huge spiritual and religious importance. In the tourism, you can various ruins, sites and temples here and spend time indulging in the refreshing calmness to make the best out of the tour.
It is one of the famous towns, and the district is the headquarters of the Sitamarhi District. Based on Hindu mythology, it is believed to be the birthplace of the Site, Wife of Lord Rama. Bordered by Nepal in the North, Muzaffarpur in the south, Sheohar and Champaran in the west, Madhubani and Darbhanga in the east, Sitamarhi is serving as the town of the great historical importance and it has a large number of modern tourist attractions. Several rivers like Aghwara, Bagmati, Lakhendei and Manusmara flow through this district and the northern part of the district is located at the foothills of the great Himalayas. With a moderate climate and rich alluvial soil, it is filled with the sports of religious, modern and historic tourist attractions. As per the Hindu mythology, Mata Sita was born in an earthen pot under the land of Sitamarhi. Janaki temple at Sitamarhi, Deokuli and Janaki Temple at Panaura, Baghi Math, Haleshwar Sthan, Goraul Sharif, Bodhayan-sar, Shukeshwar sthan, and Sabhagachi Sasula are the places where you must travel to on the visit to Sitamarhi. It brings you the rich culture of folk arts, music and dance to make the justification for tourism. It is well known for its lace bangles, and the world-renowned Madhubani paintings are painted in several places in this district.
Laurita Nandangarh is the small town situated at 28 km northwest of Bettiah. It is famous for the beautifully erected Ashokan Pillar. It gets its name from a pillar of Mauryan emperor Ashoka. It is the name of the bank, located about 2 km to the south-west of Ashoka Pillar. It is also the site for about 20 archaeological banks organized in three rows offering eye-catching views for the viewers. King Ashoka originally built 40 pillars, and now only one pillar is existing in the complete form as built in the initial stage. This historic town is located at just 22 km from Betiah and boasts of housing the Ashokan Pillar consisting of Six Ashokan proclamations. The height of the pillar is more than twelve meters, and even after so many years, the Mauryan polish uses the Polar maintains the sheen and radiance. One of the most popular attractions of Lauriya Nandangarh is 24m in height and has a circumference of almost 457 m.
Valmiki National Park
It is located at the west of Champaran district situated on the India-Nepal border on the banks of river Gandak. Sprawling over the humongous area, the park is divided into two sections. One is the Wildlife Sanctuary declared in the year 1978, and it covers an area of 545 sq km. The second one is the national park that was established in 1990 covering an area around 335 sq km. It is the only wildlife reserve in Bihar. It covers the dense green forests of the Himalayan Terai landscape. Flaunting of the flourishing wildlife with an extensive variety of flora, avifauna and fauna, the highlight of this region is Bengal tigers. The government further plans to convert 800 hectares of the forest area into grasslands to make it the largest grassland in the entire nation. The national park is named after Valmiki Nagar, the adjoining town to the forest that is also the only possible entrance to the wildlife reserve.
Here, you can visit the Tomb of Sher Shah Suri, the stunning mausoleum that has been dedicated to the memory of Emperor Sher Shah Suri. Boasting of Indo-Islamic architecture, the tomb is one of the most popular tourist spots in the town, and it is popularly known as the “second Taj Mahal of India” colloquially. Built-in the red sandstone, the monument is three storeys tall and stands in the centre of the picturesque lake, adding to the beauty and ambience of the natural space.
The construction of the tomb started during the life of Sher Shah Suri itself but was completed just 3 months after the death. With 26-degree calcium weather, it will be pleasant to explore more here in the destination. On average, you will be able to spend 1 to 2 hours in the mesmerizing location.
Rajnagar is the city located in the eastern bank of River Kamla Madhubani. Rajnagar or Navlakha palace is the ancient royal palace that is a popular heritage building for the region. Maharaja Rameshwar Singh built the palace. It formerly boasted of the well-paved gardens, temple complexes, tinkering and the like. However, it suffered a major loss and extensive damage in 1934 on the massive earthquake.
It has never been repaired and currently lies in the ruins. Even then, it boasts the old world charm and brilliant architecture and is still visited by the tourists and the local people frequently. The moderate temperature here is 23-degree Celsius, and you can spend around 1 to 2 hours here.
Mundeshwari Devi temple lies in Kaimur district. It is the ancient temple dedicated to worshipping the eternal duo of Shiva-Parvati. It is considered as one of the oldest temples in India being as old as 625 CE. It is built of stone, and the temple architecture follows the rare octagonal plan. The main deities in the temple are Devi Mundeshwari and the four-faced Shiva linga. It also hosts the murtis of Ganesha, Vishu and Surya. It has been an official subject of archaeological study for some time now, dating a certain inscription to 635 CE.
Get ready to explore Bihar!
Choosing the place is vital to enjoying the complete essence in tourism. In such a way, Bihar is the most preferable destination where you can spend your weekend or vacation. Here, you might have found the list of places you can plan to visit in Bihar. However, not all the places are suitable to visit at all the times. So, consider the right time to visit and have a clear itinerary to turn out the tour as the beautiful memories with your loved ones.