Kolkata, the ‘Bengal’s Heart’, is a city with rich cultural heritage and famous monuments representing the old traditions. It was India’s capital in Britishers Raj.The state of West Bengal is popular for its glorious architect , its sweets like Rosogulla, many achievements in various fields like literature, music, dance, other art forms etc.
Kolkata happened to be one of the first place stepped in by Britishers. The Britishers influence can be seen in its architecture and monuments which dates back to the British era. Kolkata is called as the home of Mother Teresa and her tomb is also there.To experience and explore Kolkata you need to explore the ancient architecture and historic places. That’s the best way to see the unforegettable beauty of the ‘Bengal’s Heart’.
12 Best Places to Visit in Kolkata to enjoy with family in the vacations.
What to explore and visit in Kolkata, formly known as Calcutta. Let’s discover the famous places of Kolkata worth visiting once in your life.
1. Park Street
Kolkata’s most famous throughfare street is Park Street which is also known as Mother Teresa Sarani. It is mostly famous for its events like christmas celebration and night scenes. The foodies will definetly love the restaurants and cafes located in this area. Several monuments and prominent historical eye catching landmarks are visitors hub here. This fabulous street originates from Chowringhee Road(J L Nehru Road), then crossing a south east direction, it connects to the Park Circus. India’s first independent nightclub can be found here only. It has been the center of Kolkata’s nightlifefrom 19th centuary when venues overflowed with jazz, cabaret, and floor shows.
It can also be reffered as the only dining district of Kolkata with many food cafes and restaurants. Queen’s Mansion is its famous landmark.
You can reach here by bus line no 154 from Kolkata Airport to Shyambazar and then ride the metro from Shyambazar to Park Street.
2. New Market.
New Market is located in Kolkata on Lindsay Street near to Free School Street. It is one of the top visited places and going to shop in Kolkata. Flowerists can be found at the main entrance of the New Market and fresh food is also available here. It is a historic bargain hunter’s paradise which was built by the British in 1874. This sprawling market of more than 2,000 stalls and shops grouped together. Remarkable accessories, garments, wheeled luguage, different food items can be found here easily.
You can reach here
When to visit: Monday to Friday, 10:30 a.m. until 8:30 p.m. Saturday, until 7 p.m. Closed on Sunday.
3. Victoria Memorial
Victoria Memorial is a white shining building that was made up from marble and completed in 1921. It is currently serving as a museum. It is dedicated to Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom and now it is used as a beautiful museum containing fine art works, historical coins and other important things, and a gallery showing Britishers period including many extravagant paintings, sculptures, literature and books. The exterior of this special monument is evocatively lighted up at night.
It also contains a huge garden spreading across 64 acres and is maintained by a team of 25 gardners. You can pass out through the Edward VII memorial arch to reach to Victoria Memorial.
You can reach here by metro from Park Sreet.
When To Visit: Tuesday to Friday 10 a.m. to 6 p.m.
Saturday and Sunday 10 a.m. to 8 p.m. (closed Monday).
Cost for Indians is 30 rupees and for Foreigners is 100 – 500 rupees.
4. Mullik (Malik) Ghat Flower Market
The colorful riot of Kolkata’s flower market is a memorable photo opportunity that you can not miss. Its very noise, hustle-bustle here and there, but do not get afraid of the clumpsiness of the road. give a trial to this place. From roses to marigolds, any flowers can be bought from here. More than 130 years old, it is the largest wholesale flower market of India with thousands of flower sellers visiting it every day. The market is dominated by sacks overflowing with long garlands of marigolds, popularly used in Hindu devotional rituals. It is a place which any photos lover will love to visit.
You can have a train ride to reach Mullik Ghat Flower Market. The nearest railway station is Howrah Railway Station.
5. Howrah Bridge
Howrah Bridge is the world famous bridge as it is also known as gateway of Kolkata. This Bridge is the 3rd longest cantilever bridge in the world. It is opened for public use in 1943, the Howrah Bridgehas its official name called Rabindra Setu which represents widely known Bengali poet “Rabindranath Tagore”. This bridge is built on the Hooghly River in 1943 which joins Kolkata to its main city of Howrah. Its length 705m approxthe world. Approximately one lakh vehicles and one million pedestrians passes through the bridge making it the busiest cantilever bridge in the world.
This popular bridge is also shown in many bollywood films like Do Bigha Jameen, Gunday, etc. The nearest railway station to this Bridge is Howrah Railway Station.
You can spend 1 hr here and click superb photos.
6. Mother Teresa Tomb
Mother Teresa Tomb is situated in Kolkata and a serene place to visit here. She is known as founder of the Missionaries of Charity. She has devoted her whole life in helping poor , homeless and ill person of Kolkata.You can read the not for sale books or souvenirs. It is located near AJC Bose road. You can visit the room whre she used to live once, a small room having items such as her handwritten letters, self written diaries and belongings including saris, sandals, and crucifix. Visitors shall maintain discipline, silence and contemplation. Many people meditate here for mind renovation and getting some positive energy.
When to visit: Its opening time is 8:00 am and closing time is 6:00 pm( closed on 22 august and 26 December).
No entry fee is aplicable in this tomb and one can spend 1 to 2 hrs here.
7. Belur Math
Another popular destination spot in Kolkata, is Belur Math, the main headquarters of Ramakrishanan Math and Mission. It is is situated near west bank of holy river Hoogli. This Math is a fusion architecture of Islamic, Christian, Hindu and Buddhist. Many educational institutions and a museum are also affliated to it. The campus of Belur Math is spreaded over 40 acres and a group of devotees can usally be found here.
This Math has a national and cultural importance and a big tourist spot in whole India. It is designed to reflect the integrity of India. The main entrance has a Buddhist Stupa with hindu temple design. A big statue of Shri Ramakrishna is also situated on a hundred petaled lotus.
The timings to visit here are 6:00 am to 9:00 pm. It remains open in the month of April to September and October to March. No fee is applicable for any visitor.
8. Indian Museum
Indian Musem is situated in Kolkata, West Bengal and also known as Imperial Museum Of Calcutta. It is the 9th oldest Museum of the world. Its foundation year is 1814. The largest Museum of India is also Indian Musem, Kolkata.
It contains the rarest of rare collections of India like old fashioned ornaments, antiques armour and Mughal paintings, etc. Nathaniel Wallich is the main founder of this Museum. it is nearest to the famous Park Street of Kolkata.
It comprises of intotal 35 art galleries containing Indian art, geological art, zoological arts, etc. It is also included in the national importance monument in the seventh schedule of Indian Constitution. It recently celebrated its bicentennial anniversary in February 2014.
Its timings for visitors are 10:00 am to 4:30 pm.
The entry fee is 10 rs for Indians and 150 rs for foreigners.
9. Birla Planetarium
M.P. Birla Planetarium is situated in Kolkata, West Bengal. It is a single storeyed circular shaped structure made from Indian Architect design. It is situated on Chowringhee Road which is nearest to Victoria Memorial. This Planetarium was inaugurated on 2 July 1963. It is one of the most visited places in Kolkata and also known as “the Taramandal”. It has collection containing fine paintings, planet’s model made by astronomers. You can visit the Astronomical Observatory that is equipped with a Celestron C-14 Telescope.
You can watch the daily programes organised here from 12:00 noon to 5:00 pm. The ticket’s price is 50rs for Indians.
You can spend at least 2 hrs here but photography is prohibited inside the Planetarium.
10. St. Paul’s Cathedral Church
Widely known and the first Cathedral Church built overseas during British time, is St. Paul Cathedral Church. This Church was built in 1847 near the Cathedral Road. The architecture form used is Indo-Gothic Style Architect. Many plastic art forms, carvings of incidents related ton St. Paul , his Annunciation, the Flight into Egypt can be found here. It also has a big library situated over western porch.
The entry fee is not applicable here. One can spend 1hr here in exploring the culture of India.
The timings are 9:00 am to 6:00 pm.
11. Rabindra Sarovar
An artificial lake in South Kolkata which is spreaded over 75 acres is situated in Kolkata, West Bengal. Its old name was Dhakuria Lake. It is home to different kinds of birds. Flora and fauna is found here in abundance. The locals used to visit here daily in mornings and evenings. The Rabindra Sarovar is an idle spot for picnic and delightful photography.
There is an auditorium where children can play with large gardens and space to sit and breathe peacefully.
12. Fort William Kolkata
Fort William is another prime location to visit in Hastings, Kolkata. It was build under Bengal Presidency near eastern banks of Hoogly River. It was built in the year of 1702 and opened for public in 1781. It is spreaded over an area of approx 71 hectares and was named after King William III.
At present, Fort William is the propertyof Indian Army that accommodates 10,000 army personnel. It was mainly made up from bricks and mortar in the shape of irregular octagen.
This fort is only for army persons not for civils but you can visit it for its architectural beauty.